Equitable distribution of land, equal participation in the pro­duction process, collective ownership of the land, collective decision-making and cohesion among the tribal people creates absolutely no conflict and social tension. All along the tropical world — particularly in South and South- East Asia, Central America, and in tropical Africa—this age-old tilling system is still practiced by the tribal groups. Clearing of the forest by fire improve fertility as ashes provide soil nutrients. Early agriculture is the oldest form of agriculture and still prevalent in some parts of the world. 2. (iii) Recurrence of pest and insect attacks provokes continuation of age old migratory form of cultivation. Usu­ally, a single crop is cultivated. Distinguish between Intensive Subsistence Farming and Commercial Farming. asked Aug 14, 2018 in Class X Social Science by priya12 (-12,631 points) agriculture. Primitive tools like a hoe, dow, digging sticks are used for cultivation. Globally, efforts are now being undertaken to stop shifting culti­vation and persuade the tribals to settle for permanent cultivation system. (b) This cultivation is practiced in areas where other economic activities like mining, trade and industrial activities also prevail. The same types of crops are practiced on all farms. They are now adopting permanent agricultural practices. This agriculture is known as Jhum culti­vation in N.E. (iii) The cultivated spots are usually very small; about 0.5-1 hectare (1-3 acres) dispersed in their distribution and separated from each other by dense forests or bush. 0 votes. 0 votes. Powered by Discourse, best viewed with JavaScript enabled. (vii) This form of the “migratory agriculture" still supports the most indigenous tribes in the rainforest, in spite of efforts by local governments, as elements for reposing. Privacy Policy 8. (c) It is practiced by mostly tribal people with permanent settlement. Plagiarism Prevention 4. It is also known as slash and burn agriculture. Distinguish between Intensive Subsistence Farming and Commercial Farming. Answer: It is practised on small patches of land with the help of primitive tools. Soil nutrient depletion, the deterioration of lightly constructed bamboo houses and the attacks of pests, diseases or wildlife are some of the main reasons that make migration a necessity. (i) No use of manure and exhaustion of soil fertility. asked Aug 14, 2018 in Class X Social Science by priya12 (-12,631 points) agriculture. (ii) Forests are usually cleared by fire and ashes add to soil fertility. This type of farming depends upon the monsoons and natural fertility of the soil. The cultivators abandon that place after contin­ued cultivation of three to four harvests and migrate to another forest land. Subsistence agriculture is that in which the farmers use or consume most of what they produce, rather than selling it in a market (commercial agriculture). The land should have greater slope to facilitate better drain­age system. (b) Due to deforestation, the soil becomes loose which accelerate erosion. Thus, litter surplus is left to sell in the market after cultivators’ consumption. 3. Preindustrial agricultural peoples throughout the world have traditionally practiced subsistence farming. Modern agricultural inputs like chemical fertilizers, … Distinguish between primitive subsistence farming and commercial farming are: Related questions 0 votes. (f) As it is practiced within dense forest, wild animals, pests and diseases often upset the cropping system. After clearing that land, sowing takes place. 4. 1 answer. (f) It is purely self-sufficient type of agriculture. The equipment and agricultural system are traditional and bears no change in recent times. (vi) Short periods of crop occupation alternate with long fallow periods. TOS 7. What is primitive subsistence farming? The South-East Asian countries like Indone­sia, Malaysia, Myanmar (Burma); Equatorial America like Amazon basin, and East Indies are still engaged in this form of agriculture. Primitive tools like hoe, dao and digging sticks, and family community labour are used. This cultivation requires very little agricultural inputs like fertilizers, pesticides, insec­ticides affecting but little the eco-system. This crudest form of land tillage remained isolated from the mainstream cultiva­tion. Primitive subsistence agriculture or shifting cultivation is characterized by the following characteristics: ( i ) The sites for the ladang are usually chosen in the virgin forest by experienced elders.