Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [1] It is one of the smaller Echinocereus species. flowers vary from pink to magenta. New stems start at or just above the ground and grow sideways, then upright. Populations of E. reichenbachii var. The U.S. FWS's Threatened & Endangered Species System track information about listed species in the United States Pistils are multi-lobed and green, and stamens are cream-colored or yellow. [13][14], "Black Lace Cactus (Echinocereus reichenbachii var. [6], Despite the early indication of a naming error, Engelmann's binomial was used to describe the plant until 1893, when F.A. [10], Echinocereus reichenbachii is a perennial plant and shrub. Hedgehog cactus, (genus Echinocereus ), genus of about 60 species of cacti (family Cactaceae ), native from central Mexico to the western United States. Genus. The central spines tend to be the darkest. Haage var. perbellus, and E. reichenbachii var. Zones US, MS, LS, CS, TS; USDA 6-11. claret-cup cactus. They reach 7.5 to 30 centimetres (3.0 to 11.8 in) tall and 4 to 10 centimetres (1.6 to 3.9 in) wide. They are approximately 4.5 to 8 centimetres (1.8 to 3.1 in) by 5 to 10 centimetres (2.0 to 3.9 in), and the flower tubes are 22 to 40 millimetres (0.87 to 1.57 in) by 10 to 30 millimetres (0.39 to 1.18 in). The importance of Hedgehog Cactus is high as its benefits are more and so are Hedgehog Cactus Facts.Every gardener must look for the … Caryophyllales. albertii)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Echinocereus_reichenbachii&oldid=953806838, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 April 2020, at 04:10. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [3] Immature specimens are spherical, and as they grow they become cylindrical. [7], E. reichenbachii var. Learn how to season this Southern kitchen staple in five easy steps. They are cold and heat tolerant, and grow well under glass. E. reichenbachii is one of the smaller Echinocereus species. There are up to 7 central spines per areole; they are 1 to 6 millimetres (0.039 to 0.236 in) long. Some grow at fairly high elevations, where they survive freezing temperatures. Southern Living is part of the Meredith Home Group. The areoles are elliptical or oval, with seven to 36 spines each. The claret cup (E. triglochidiatus) ranges from north of Mexico City to northern Utah and southern Colorado. [11], Plants flower in early May and late June, and they fruit 6 to 10 weeks after flowering. The large flowers generally have green stigma lobes and are commonly red and yellow in colour. [1] They are also found in Kansas and Oklahoma. Usually the flowers are large and the fruit edible. fitchii. The species is native to the Chihuahuan Desert and parts of northern Mexico and the southern United States, where they grow at elevations up to 1,500 meters (4,900 ft). The importance of plants lies in their great contribution to human life and the environment. They can vary from almost spineless to wildly and densely spined. Echinocereus Engelm. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Areoles are elliptical or oval. Stems 14 inches thick, 2 feet long. Large (4 inches.) [11] E. reichenbachii is native to the northern Mexican states of Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas. albertii, E. reichenbachii var. The species is native to the Chihuahuan Desert and parts of northern Mexico and the southern United States, where they grow at elevations up to 1,500 meters (4,900 ft). Echinocereus reichenbachii (commonly known as lace or hedgehog cactus) is a perennial plant and shrub in the cactus family. Plant may have a single stem or as many as a dozen. Omissions? blanckii (Poselg.) ‘Tis the season to ditch your all-white palette in favor of something a little bolder and brighter. [11] In the United States, E. reichenbachii is native to Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, and Nebraska. [2] The specific epithet honors the German botanist Ludwig Reichenbach. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Genus Echinocereus Engelm. fitchii, E. reichenbachii var. Haage – Berlandier's hedgehog cactus P. Variety Echinocereus berlandieri (Engelm.) Stems are semi-erect, dark green, up to 16 inches (40 cm) tall and up to 2 inches (5 cm) in diameter. albertii (commonly called the Black Lace cactus) is a federally listed endangered species of the United States that is endemic to Texas. During the years 1848 to 1856, George Engelmann made extensive studies of a plant he named Echinocereus caespitosus. [11] Flowers have 30 to 50 petals each, which are ragged or notched. Purplish pink, 3 inches flowers with darker throat. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. Dense clump, up to 3 feet wide, sometimes with hundreds of 2- to 3 inches-diameter stems to a foot tall. Black Friday Sale! The inch-long, greenish to brownish purple fruit is edible and tastes like strawberries. Plant may have a... claret cup. Blooms come in red, yellow, purple, pink, or white and have many rows of petals; they typically close at night. burrensis, and E. reichenbachii subsp. The common name hedgehog refers to the spiny fruit, which is edible in many species. Zones CS, TS; USDA 9-11. [4] E. reichenbachii earned the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Hedgehog cacti are usually cylindroid and many-stemmed and are often soft-bodied. [4] Fruits are various shades of green and 15 to 28 millimetres (0.59 to 1.10 in) long. Echinocereus is a genus of ribbed, usually small to medium-sized, cylindrical cacti, comprising about 70 species native to the southern United States and Mexico in very sunny, rocky places. HEDGEHOG CACTUS strawberry cactus. Spines are yellowish and turn grey after a number of years. The spines are tan, to brown, black, purplish black, or pink, and the tips are usually darker than the shaft. Zones US, MS, LS, CS; USDA 6-9. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. reichenbachiana, and he later discussed the possibility with Engelmann that these two plants were one and the same. [8] It has been listed as endangered since 1979. – hedgehog cactus. Nearly 50 species of hedgehog cactus are native to the Southwest, including Texas, New Mexico, and Mexico. This cactus earned the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. The first part of the genus name Echinocereus is coming from the Greek for 'hedgehog', while the second part 'cereus' comes from the Latin for 'large candle'. reichenbachii. The tube hairs are 5 to 15 millimetres (0.20 to 0.59 in) long, and the nectar chamber is 2 to 5 millimetres (0.079 to 0.197 in) deep. Lavender to deep purplish red flowers are 23 inches wide. The scientific name, Echinocereus, comes from the Greek ekhinos, meaning hedgehog, and cereus, the Latin term for wax paper. The trendy haircuts you’ll be seeing everywhere next year. New stems... cream lace cactus. albispinus, E. reichenbachii subsp. The spine-bearing tubercles are joined to one another and form ribs.