Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …accomplished by the addition of butane, a very low-boiling paraffin, to the gasoline blend. By right-clicking the visualization screen, various other options are available including the visualization of van der Waals surface and exporting to a image file. Butane is denser than air. 1-2-3-4 carbon atoms and then for the hydrogen atoms we have 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The radius of the spheres is therefore smaller than the rod lengths in order to provide a clearer view of the atoms and bonds throughout the chemical structure model of BUTANE. The molecular formula of BUTANE is available in chemical formula page of BUTANE, which identifies each constituent element by its chemical symbol and indicates the proportionate number of atoms of each element. Butane or n-butane is an alkane with the formula C4H10. Die Butane bilden eine Stoffgruppe innerhalb der Alkane, die die Summenformel C 4 H 10 haben. All compounds occur in both natural gas and crude oil and are produced to produce gasoline in large quantities in petroleum refining. Corrections? The name butane comes from the roots but- (from butyric acid, named after the Greek word for butter) and -ane. Another isomer is isobutane or 2-methylpropane in which three carbon atoms from the parent chain and one carbon atom is placed as the side chain at C-2 of the parent chain. Generally used for domestic purposes in cylinders painted red and is sold under various trade names. © 2020 ChemEssen, Inc. All rights reserved. Butane is also called n-butane, or regular butane. Butane is a simple alkane chain consisting of four carbon atoms. Butane is primarily used as a gasoline mixture, either alone or in a propane mixture, and as a feedstock for ethylene and butadiene production, Butane like propane comes from natural gas or petroleum refineries and the two gases are usually found together. Of butane the molecular formula is C4H10. Januar 2020 um 04:30 Uhr bearbeitet. Butane, one of two colourless, odourless, gaseous hydrocarbons (carbon and hydrogen compounds), that are part of the paraffinic hydrocarbon group. The maximum adiabatic flame temperature of butane with air is 2,243 K (1,970 °C; 3,578 °F). Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: butan-2-one. 2-Methyl (113C)butane. Butene, also known as butylene, is an alkene with the formula C4H8. For a better understanding of the chemical structure, an interactive 3D visualization of BUTANE is provided here. Now, the first thing to keep in mind is the molecular formula of butane which is 4 carbon atoms and 10 hydrogen atoms so you’ll notice that both these structural formulas incorporate 4 carbon atoms and 10 hydrogen atoms so right here we have 1-2-3-4 carbon atoms and then 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10; hydrogen atoms and it’s the same case over here. [16] Contaminants are not used in fragrance extraction[clarify] and butane gases can cause gas explosions in poorly ventilated areas if leaks go unnoticed and are ignited by spark or flame. Butane lighter, showing liquid butane reservoir, An aerosol spray can, which may be using butane as a propellant, This page was last edited on 18 November 2020, at 00:58. 73.14 g/mol. Images of the chemical structure of BUTANE are given below: The 2D chemical structure image of BUTANE is also called skeletal formula, which is the standard notation for organic molecules. C5H12. [17] Butane is the most commonly abused volatile substance in the UK, and was the cause of 52% of solvent related deaths in 2000. The compound in which the carbon atoms are linked in a straight chain is denoted normal butane, or n-butane; the branched-chain form is isobutane. Required fields are marked *. While hydrogen sulfide and mercaptans are toxic, they are present in levels so low that suffocation and fire hazard by the butane becomes a concern far before toxicity. LPG fuel is used in heating appliances and cars. B. Feuerzeuggas), Kältemittel (Isobutan: R600a), als Treibgase[1][5], Lebensmittelzusatzstoff[6] und Extraktionsmittel[6] (beispielsweise um CBD zu extrahieren) eingesetzt. For physicochemical, thermodynamic, transport, spectra, and other property data & information, the followings are available from “Mol-Instincts”, a chemical database based on quantum mechanics: The SMILES string of BUTANE is CCCC, which can be can be imported by most molecule editors for conversion back into two-dimensional drawings or three-dimensional models of the BUTANE. Then, try SnaPeaks – simply upload your MS/MS data and SnaPeaks will provide what’s in your natural products. https://www.britannica.com/science/butane. The butane is stored under pressure as a liquid. Updates? [1], Butane kommen natürlicherweise im Erdgas vor, werden aber auch durch Cracken aus Erdöl gewonnen. [18] By spraying butane directly into the throat, the jet of fluid can cool rapidly to −20 °C (−4 °F) by expansion, causing prolonged laryngospasm. When oxygen is plentiful, butane burns to form carbon dioxide and water vapor; when oxygen is limited, carbon (soot) or carbon monoxide may also be formed. 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