Thirteen athletes from France competed in six sports at the 1896 Summer Olympics. Paris 2024 . This the Greek government did despite the fact that the cost of refurbishing the stadium in marble had already been funded in full by Evangelis Zappas forty years earlier. Coubertin, however, was heavily opposed to this idea, as he envisioned international rotation as one of the cornerstones of the modern Olympics. [2] The highlight for the Greeks was the marathon victory by Spyridon Louis. A designated Olympic Village for the athletes did not appear until the 1932 Summer Olympics. The major highlight was the marathon, held for the first time in international competition. The United States returned to the top of the medal table after China dominated in 2008. [23], The swimming competition was held in the open sea. However, the Greeks' 46 total medals dwarfed the Americans' 20. Coubertin, however, was heavily opposed to this idea, as he envisioned international rotation as one of the cornerstones of the modern Olympics. Owing to Australian quarantine laws, six equestrian events were held in Stockholm for the 1956 Summer Olympics several months before the other events in Melbourne; five of the 72 nations competed in the equestrian events in Stockholm, but did not attend the main Games in Melbourne. "[22], The opening ceremony in the Panathinaiko Stadium, On April 6 (March 25 according to the Julian calendar then in use in Greece), the games of the First Olympiad were officially opened; it was Easter Monday for both the Western and Eastern Christian Churches and the anniversary of Greece's independence. The major highlight was the marathon, held for the first time in international competition. The 1932 Los Angeles games were affected by the Great Depression, which contributed to the low number of competitors. No official poster was made for the 1896 Olympic Games, but the cover page of the official report is often used to refer to the Games of the I Olympiad. The Austrian fencer Adolf Schmal won the 12-hour race, which was completed by only two cyclists, while the road race event was won by Aristidis Konstantinidis.[20]. Two competitors stood out: Scotsman Launceston Elliot and Viggo Jensen of Denmark. Olympic Games. The new marathon distance was chosen to ensure that the race finished in front of the box occupied by the British royal family. In the medal award ceremony for the men's 200 meter race, black American athletes Tommie Smith (gold) and John Carlos (bronze) took a stand for civil rights by raising their black-gloved fists and wearing black socks in lieu of shoes. Asia has hosted the Summer Olympics three times, in Tokyo, Japan (1964), Seoul, South Korea (1988), and Beijing, China (2008); Asia will host the Games for the fourth time. Greece Country Athens City. Jensen had been slightly injured during his last two-handed attempt, and was no match for Elliot, who won the competition easily. [6] Ancient Greece was the birthplace of the Olympic Games, consequently Athens was perceived to be an appropriate choice to stage the inaugural modern Games. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) was formed, and the first Games were planned for 1896 in Athens, the capital of Greece. However, one woman, Stamata Revithi, ran the marathon course on 11 April, the day after the men had run the official race. Despite this, Thomas Burke, of the United States, won the 100 meter race in 12.0 seconds and the 400 meter race in 54.2 seconds. LA 2028; Milano Cortina 2026 . In a proud moment for Greeks and an exciting one for spectators, the shot put competition was held at the site of the classical Games in Olympia. [24] American swimmer Michael Phelps set a record for gold medals at a single Games with eight, and tied the record of most gold medals by a single competitor previously held by both Eric Heiden and Vitaly Scherbo. Most of the competing athletes were aligned on the infield, grouped by nation. See also: Ancient Olympic Games, From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, The Modern Olympics, A Struggle for Revival by David C. Young, Chapter 4, According to Donald G. Kyle, systematic excavations of, Memoire sure le conflit entre la Grece et la Roumanie concernant l'affaire Zappa – Athens 1893, by F. Martens, L'affaire Zappa – Paris 1894, by G. Streit, Coubertin–Philemon–Politis–Anninos (1897), 98–99, 108–109, Coubertin–Philemon–Politis–Anninos (1897), 76, 83–84, Coubertin–Philemon–Politis–Anninos (1897), 70–71, Coubertin–Philemon–Politis–Anninos (1897), 93–94, "The First Olympics: Athens 1896 Business Details", Pierre de Coubertin and the Wenlock Olympian Games, "La Presencia de Chile en los Juegos Olimpicos", "Pierre de Coubertin and the Wenlock Olympian Games", https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1896_Summer_Olympics&oldid=7109272, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.